2002 saturn sc2 coolant low after filling the rese


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2000-2002 Pontiac Grand Prix Low Engine Coolant Level Indicator Always on (Diagnose Low Coolant Level System

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Filed Under (Pontiac) by admin on 17-01-2011

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Subject: Models: Low Engine Coolant Level Indicator Always On (Diagnose Low Coolant Level System Operation/Check Sensor for Oil Contamination) 2000-2002 Buick Century, Regal 2000-2001 Chevrolet Lumina 2000-2002 Chevrolet Impala, Monte Carlo 2000-2002 Pontiac Grand Prix 2000-2002 Oldsmobile Intrigue Condition Some customers may comment that the low engine coolant level indicator is always illuminated. Cause The cause of this condition may be due to engine oil contaminating the coolant. Possible sources of oil contamination are internal engine leaks, improper service procedures, or the addition of some types of anti-leak additives to the cooling system. Once in the coolant, the oil leaves deposits on the level sensor creating an insulating film. This film results in a false activation of the coolant level indicator. Correction Diagnose low coolant level system operation and check the sensor for oil contamination using the procedure listed below. Important: No coolant supplements should be used in GM cooling systems, other than what is approved and recommended by GM. The use of “aftermarket” over-the-counter sealing and cooling supplements may affect the operation of the low coolant level sensor. Discoloration of the coolant recovery bottle is normal and does not necessarily indicate that coolant contamination is present. Flush cooling system only when instructed by this bulletin. 1. Verify that the coolant is at proper level in the radiator and the coolant recovery bottle. If the coolant is low, add proper amount of 50/50 water and DEX-COOL® mixture. If the low coolant light operates properly, diagnose the cooling system for loss of coolant as outlined in SI. DO NOT proceed further with this bulletin. 2. Remove the low coolant level sensor. Refer to Coolant Level Module Replacement in the Engine Cooling sub-section. 3. With the key on, the engine off and the coolant level sensor disconnected from the vehicle wiring harness, observe the low coolant light: • Light is on — Chassis wiring or instrument cluster concern. Follow the appropriate diagnostic information in SI. • Light is out — Proceed to Step 4.

2002 Saturn SL2 A/T – 2nd to 3rd Gear Shift Flare

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Filed Under (Saturn) by admin on 01-10-2010

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Automatic Transaxle 2-3 Shift Flare During First Minutes of Driving After Cold Soak (Perform Bulletin Procedure) Models: 2002 Saturn S-Series Vehicles with Automatic Transaxle (RPOs MP6, MP7) Attention: General Manager, Fixed Operations Manager, Parts Manager, Technician Condition: Some customers of 2002 S-series vehicles with MP6 or MP7 automatic transaxles may comment on a 2-3 shift flare during the first few minutes of driving after vehicle cold soak. Cause: This condition may be caused by improper pressure, a leak in the 2nd clutch circuit, improper clutch plate finish on 2nd and 3rd clutches, a restriction in the 3rd clutch oil delivery path in the end cover, or improper surface finish in the piston bores of the 2-3 clutch housing. Correction: To correct this condition, duplicate by cold soaking the vehicle the amount of time at temperature described by the owner. Refer to procedure in this bulletin. Service Procedure Verify proper transaxle pressures by installing gauge and performing stepped pressure test after cold soak. Refer to “Stepped Pressure Test” procedure in the 2002 Saturn S-Series Automatic Transaxle Service Manual. ^ If pressures are low, follow the diagnostic chart for DTC P0745 for possible causes of low pressure. Refer to “P0745 – PC Solenoid Pressure Low” diagnostic in the 2002 Saturn S-Series Automatic Transaxle Service Manual. ^ If pressures are within normal ranges, proceed to Step 2. Remove the transaxle end cover. Refer to “End Cover Replacement” in the 2002 Saturn S-Series Automatic Transaxle Service Manual. Check torque on input shaft nut and end cover 3rd clutch oil passage for restrictions. ^ Input shaft nut torque should be 150 N.m (111 ft-lb). If nut is found to be loose, remove nut, clean threads and install new nut using Service Manual procedures and proceed to check 3rd oil passage. ^ Check 3rd oil passage in the end cover by pouring transaxle fluid through it and another passage. If the passage is restricted, you will notice significantly less fluid flow through it. If 3rd clutch passage is found to be restricted, install new end cover per Service Manual procedures and retest for concern. ^ If nut and 3rd clutch passage are okay, proceed to Step 4. Remove transaxle from vehicle. Refer to “Transaxle Removal” in the 2002 Saturn S-Series Automatic Transaxle Service Manual. Disassemble transaxle and install new 2-3 clutch housing, clutch pistons and clutch plates. Refer to “Transaxle Disassemble” in the 2002 Saturn S-Series Automatic Transaxle Service Manual.

2002 Ford Escort Workshop Manual Cooling System Draining Filling and Bleeding

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Filed Under (Ford) by admin on 07-01-2011

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Draining 1. Bring the engine to normal operating temperature and turn the engine off. With the cooling system under pressure, inspect cooling system hoses and clamped hose connections for leaks, excessive deterioration or contact wear. Inspect radiator installation retention. Note any discrepancies and proceed. 2. WARNING: Never remove the pressure relief cap while the engine is operating or when the cooling system is hot. Failure to follow these instructions can result in damage to the cooling system or engine or personal injury. To avoid having scalding hot coolant or steam blow out of the degas bottle when removing the pressure relief cap, wait until the engine has cooled, then wrap a thick cloth around the pressure relief cap and turn it slowly. Step back while the pressure is released from the cooling system. When you are sure all the pressure has been released, (still with a cloth) turn and remove the pressure relief cap. CAUTION: The coolant must be recovered in a suitable, clean container for reuse. If the coolant is contaminated, it must be recycled or disposed of correctly and replaced. CAUTION: Some vehicle cooling systems are filled with Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant VC-4-A (in Oregon VC-5, in Canada CXC-10) or equivalent meeting Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A (green color). Others are filled with Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine Coolant VC-7-A meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B51-A1 (yellow color). Always fill the cooling system with the same coolant that is present in the system. Do not mix coolant types. NOTE: Less than 80 percent of coolant capacity can be removed from the engine. Dirty, rusty or contaminated coolant requires replacement. Drain engine coolant as follows: Open radiator draincock to drain the coolant system. Disconnect radiator overflow hose from radiator filler neck connection. Remove radiator coolant recovery reservoir and empty the fluid. Flush radiator coolant recovery reservoir with clean water. Drain and reinstall radiator coolant recovery reservoir and radiator overflow hose and clamp to radiator filler neck. Correct, repair or install new components found to be inoperative in Step 1. Filling and Bleeding with RADKITPLUS 1. Using the special tool, install the RADKITPLUS and follow the RADKITPLUS manufacturer’s instructions to fill and bleed the cooling system. Filling and Bleeding without RADKITPLUS CAUTION: Engine coolant provides freeze protection, boil protection, cooling efficiency and corrosion protection to the engine and cooling components. In order to obtain these protections, the engine coolant must be maintained at the correct concentration and fluid level in the degas bottle. When adding engine coolant, use a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and clean, drinkable water. To maintain the integrity of the coolant and the cooling system:

2002 Lincoln LS Workshop Manual Cooling System Draining, Filling and Bleeding

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Filed Under (Lincoln) by admin on 23-01-2011

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Draining WARNING: Never remove the pressure relief cap while the engine is operating or when the cooling system is hot. Failure to follow these instructions can result in damage to the cooling system or engine or personal injury. To avoid having scalding hot coolant or steam blow out of the degas bottle when removing the pressure relief cap, wait until the engine has cooled, then wrap a thick cloth around the pressure relief cap and turn it slowly. Step back while the pressure is released from the cooling system. When you are sure all the pressure has been released, (still with a cloth) turn and remove the pressure relief cap. CAUTION: The coolant must be recovered in a suitable, clean container for reuse. If the coolant is contaminated it must be recycled or disposed of correctly. CAUTION: Care must be taken to ensure the accessory drive belt does not become contaminated with engine coolant. CAUTION: Some vehicle cooling systems are filled with Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant VC-4-A (in Oregon VC-5, in Canada CXC-10) or equivalent meeting Ford specifications ESE-M97B44-A (green color). Others are filled with Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine Coolant VC-7-A or equivalent meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B51-A1 (yellow color). Always refill the cooling system with the same coolant that was drained from the system. Do not mix coolant types. 1. Release the pressure in the cooling system by slowly turning the pressure relief cap one half turn counterclockwise. When the pressure is released, remove the pressure relief cap. 2. NOTE: Less than 80% of coolant can be recovered with the engine in the vehicle. Dirty, rusty or contaminated coolant requires replacement. Place a suitable container below the radiator draincock. If equipped, disconnect the coolant return hose at the oil cooler. Close the radiator draincock when finished. Filling and Bleeding With RADKITPLUS 1. Using the special tool, install the RADKITPLUS and follow the RADKITPLUS manufacturer’s instructions to fill and bleed the cooling system. Filling and Bleeding Without RADKITPLUS CAUTION: Engine coolant provides freeze protection, boil protection, cooling efficiency and corrosion protection to the engine and cooling components. In order to obtain these protections, the engine coolant must be maintained at the correct concentration and fluid level in the degas bottle. When adding engine coolant, use a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and clean, drinkable water. To maintain the integrity of the coolant and the cooling system:

MERCURY: 2002-2005 Grand Marquis LIMITED SLIP AXLE CHATTER, SHUDDER, BINDING SENSATION, OR VIBRATION DURING LOW SPEED TURNING MANEUVERS

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Filed Under (Mercury) by admin on 07-09-2010

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FORD: LINCOLN: 2002-2005 Crown Victoria, Mustang, Explorer 2002-2005 Town Car 2003-2005 Expedition 2003-2005 Navigator 2004-2005 F-150 MERCURY: 2002-2005 Grand Marquis, Mountaineer This article supersedes TSB 04-17-5 to update the model year and vehicle line coverage. ISSUE Some 2003-2005 Expedition/Navigator, 2004-2005 F-150 vehicles equipped with a 9.75? or 8.8? limited slip rear axle, and 2002-2005 Explorer 4dr, Mountaineer, Crown Victoria, Grand Marquis, Town Car, and Mustang vehicles equipped with 8.8? limited slip rear axle, may exhibit a chatter, shudder, a binding sensation, or a vibration during low speed turns. On 4×4 vehicles, the sensation may appear to be originating from the front axle or the steering gear. ACTION First verify the condition. On 4×4 trucks ensure that the vehicle is in 2WD, to isolate the rear axle. On all vehicles, turn the wheel fully right (or fully left) and then accelerate the vehicle. If the condition is verified to be in the rear axle, replace the limited slip clutch pack. SERVICE PROCEDURE