how to unstick transmission pressure solenoid
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Filed Under (Chevrolet) by admin on 30-12-2010
Automatic Transmission/Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) Shudder, Water in Transmission (Repair Transmission and Replace Transmission Filler Tube, Level Indicator and Seal) Condition Some customers may comment on a shudder condition at approximately 64-80 km/h (40-50 mph) when the TCC engages. Cause This condition may be caused by water in the automatic transmission fluid (ATF). Water may enter the transmission by dripping from the cowl area onto the handle of the transmission fluid level indicator. Indications of water in the ATF may include: • Visible rust on the transmission fluid level indicator. • Visible water in the oil pan. • A milky white substance inside the pan area. • Spacer plate gaskets that appear to be glued to the spacer plate, valve body or case. • Rust on internal transmission iron/steel components. Correction First, repair the transmission and second, replace the transmission fill tube, seal and level indicator to prevent repeat water contamination of the ATF. Transmission Repair 1. Remove the transmission. Refer to the appropriate SI procedure. 2. Disassemble and inspect the transmission. Refer to Unit Repair Automatic Transmission – 4L60-E/4L65-E. Important: If water or coolant is found in the transmission, the following components MUST be replaced. • Replace all of the rubber type seals. • Replace all of the composition-faced clutch plate assemblies including the band. • Replace all of the nylon parts (Thrust Washers). • Replace the torque converter. • Thoroughly clean and rebuild the transmission, using new gaskets and oil filter. • Flush and flow check the transmission oil cooler using J 45096. Refer to Corporate Bulletin Number 02-07-30- 052C or newer – Automatic Transmission Oil Cooler Flush and Flow Test Essential Tool J 45096 TransFlow . Replace the Transmission Fluid Filler Tube, Seal and Fluid Level Indicator WITH the transmission REMOVED from vehicle. 1. Remove the transmission fluid filler tube from the transmission. 2. Replace the transmission fill tube seal, P/N 1259475. 3. Replace the transmission fill tube, P/N 15000220, following the appropriate SI Document for Transmission Installation. 4. Replace the transmission fluid level indicator, P/N 15069769 when appropriate during the transmission installation. Replace the Transmission Fluid Filler Tube, Seal and Fluid Level Indicator with the transmission in the vehicle. 1. Remove the air cleaner outlet duct. Refer to Air Cleaner Element Replacement (SI Document ID# 1364496). 2. Remove the transmission fluid level indicator from the filler tube.
Filed Under (Isuzu) by admin on 23-12-2010
NOTE: 1. Release fuel pressure. See FUEL SYSTEM PRESSURE RELEASE . Install a fuel pressure gauge between fuel pressure regulator and fuel distributor pipe. See Fig. 1 . Bleed air from fuel line going to pressure gauge. 2. Unplug fuel pressure regulator Vacuum Switching Valve (VSV) connector on right side fender skirt. This is a 4-wire connector with Black and Blue wires in harness. PCM controls VSV to cut vacuum to fuel pressure regulator during hot engine starts. 3. Start engine and measure fuel pressure at idle. Disconnect fuel pressure regulator vacuum hose. Note fuel pressure at idle with vacuum hose disconnected (no vacuum). Fuel pressure should be 42 psi (3.0 kg/cm2 ). See FUEL PUMP PERFORMANCE . 4. If fuel pump pressure is low, check for fuel leaks, restrictions in intake side of fuel pump, leaking injectors, faulty pressure regulator or faulty fuel pump. If fuel pressure is high, check for restrictions in return line to tank or faulty pressure regulator. If pressure does not change when pressure regulator is disconnected, replace pressure regulator. 5. Reconnect pressure regulator vacuum hose and check fuel pressure (with vacuum). Fuel pressure should be 35 psi (2.4 kg/cm2 ). Apply battery voltage to VSV connector Blue wire terminal, and ground Black wire terminal (with vacuum). See Fig. 2 . Fuel pressure gauge should read about 42 psi (3.0 kg/cm2 ). If fuel pressure is not within specification, check for defective VSV. 6. Disconnect and plug vacuum hose from fuel pressure regulator. Stop engine and ensure fuel pressure remains greater than 35 psi (2.4 kg/cm2 ) for 4 minutes after engine stops. 7. If pressure drops, check for leaking injectors, faulty pressure regulator or bad check valve in fuel pump. If engine does not start, by-pass fuel pump relay to check for fuel pressure. Remove fuel pump relay from underhood fuse/relay box. Connect a fused jumper wire between terminals No. 1 and 3 of fuel pump relay connector in fuse block. See Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 . 8. If fuel pump does not operate, check for battery voltage to terminal No. 3. If battery voltage is present, check for open in fuel pump circuit. If fuel pump operates with jumper wire installed, check fuel pump relay and relay energizing circuit. Repair as necessary. Begin basic fuel system diagnosis with testing fuel pressure.
Filed Under (Ford) by admin on 25-03-2011
Fuel Charging and Controls The fuel charging and controls system consists of: fuel pressure regulator (9C968) fuel injection supply manifold (9F792) fuel injectors (9F593) fuel shut off valve solenoid (9D278) fuel pressure relief valve (9H321) injection pressure sensor engine fuel temperature sensor fuel charging wiring harness Component Location Fuel Pressure Regulator The fuel pressure regulator is located on the inside of the LH frame rail just forward of the transmission support crossmember. It is part of an assembly that includes the coalescer/filter. The fuel pressure regulator reduces the line pressure from tank pressure 20685 kPa (3000 psi) to line pressure 655 kPa (95 psi). Heating/Defrosting—Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel pressure regulator heating is provided by two 3/8-inch taps from the existing heater supply and return hoses on the RH rear of the engine. Two high-temperature 3/8-inch ID heater hoses (packaged with the front low-pressure fuel line) are used to connect the fuel pressure regulator to the tap points on the engine heater hoses. Refer to the Line — Low Pressure Fuel procedure in Section 310-01B for fuel pressure regulator heater hose replacement. Fuel Pressure Regulator Heater Hoses Fuel Injection Supply Manifold The fuel injection supply manifold delivers high-pressure fuel from the vehicle fuel supply line to the fuel injectors. The fuel injection supply manifold consists of the following: a tubular fuel rail eight fuel injector connectors a fuel pressure relief valve a fuel shut off valve solenoid mounting attachments which locate the fuel injection supply manifold and provide fuel injector retention. a fuel inlet connection which has a push-connect fitting an injection pressure sensor an engine fuel temperature sensor Fuel Injection Supply Manifold Fuel Injectors The natural gas fuel injectors are electro-mechanical devices that meter fuel delivered to the engine. The natural gas fuel injectors are mounted in the lower intake manifold (9424) and are positioned so that their tips direct fuel just ahead of the engine intake valves (6507). The natural gas fuel injector bodies consist of a solenoid and a needle and valve assembly. Natural gas fuel injectors can be identified by an aqua cap on the injector body. Fuel Shutoff Valve Solenoid The fuel shut off valve solenoid seals the upstream fuel pressure from entering the fuel injection supply manifold when the engine is not running. The fuel shut off valve solenoid is open only when it is activated by the solenoid valve (fuel pump) relay. Fuel Pressure Relief Valve The fuel pressure relief valve is located on the fuel injection supply manifold, and is used to relieve fuel system pressure from the fuel delivery system. Injection Pressure Sensor The injection pressure sensor is located on the fuel injection supply manifold, and is used to provide a signal to the powertrain control module (PCM) (12A650) that is proportional to pressure in the fuel injection supply manifold. Engine Fuel Temperature Sensor The engine fuel temperature sensor is located on the fuel injection supply manifold, and is used to provide a signal to the powertrain control module that indicates the temperature of the fuel in the fuel injection supply manifold. Fuel Charging Wiring The fuel charging wiring is a single harness that includes electrical connectors for the fuel injectors, ignition coils and various sensors, valves and senders that monitor all engine functions. Fuel Charging Wiring
Filed Under (Ford) by admin on 19-02-2011
NOTICE: Whenever a transmission has been disassembled to install new parts, the transmission fluid cooler tubes must be cleaned and backflushed using a suitable torque converter/fluid cooler cleaner. A new Oil-To-Air (OTA) transmission fluid cooler must also be installed. When internal wear or damage has occurred in the transmission, metal particles, clutch plate material or band material may have been carried into the torque converter and fluid cooler. These contaminants are a major cause of recurring transmission concerns and must be removed from the system before the transmission is put back into service. NOTE: After the transmission is removed for a major overhaul, it is important to completely clean all transmission components, including torque converter, cooler inlet tube, main control valve body, clutches and all coasting booster valve shuttle balls after any transmission service that generates contamination. These contaminants are a major cause for recurring transmission concerns and must be removed from the system before the transmission is returned to service. The cleaning of foreign material from the direct clutch check ball is often omitted. This omission can lead to a repeat servicing of the transmission. A new Oil-To-Air (OTA) transmission fluid cooler must be installed under the following condition. For additional information, refer to Section 307-02. Evidence of broken transmission components or transmission fluid contamination found due to the following transmission or converter failure modes: Major metallic failure Multiple clutches or clutch plate failure Sufficient component wear which results in metallic contamination 1. Disconnect the battery ground cable. For additional information, refer to Section 414-01. 2. WARNING: Before servicing a vehicle equipped with a fire suppression system, depower the system by following the procedure in Section 419-03. Failure to follow the instructions may result in serious personal injury. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. For additional information, refer to Section 100-02. 3. NOTE: Only if transmission disassembly or replacement is required, drain the transmission fluid. For additional information, refer to Fluid Pan, Gasket and Filter in this section. Drain the transmission fluid. Loosen the transmission fluid pan bolts and allow the transmission fluid to drain. After transmission fluid has drained remove the bolts and the pan and drain the remaining transmission fluid that is in the pan. 4. Install the transmission fluid pan and the old transmission fluid pan gasket. 1. Position the transmission fluid pan gasket. 2. Position the transmission fluid pan. 5. NOTE: To maintain the initial driveshaft balance, mark the rear driveshaft yoke and the axle pinion flange so they can be installed in their original positions. Mark the rear driveshaft yoke and the axle pinion flange and remove the 4 bolts.
Filed Under (Chevrolet) by admin on 18-03-2011
WARNING: Begin fuel system trouble shooting and diagnosis with fuel system pressure test. Relieve fuel system pressure before disconnecting any components or installing fuel pressure gauge. TBI 1. Turn ignition off for 10 seconds. Turn ignition on, and listen at fuel tank for fuel pump operation. Pump should run 2 seconds (20 seconds on models with fuel module). If fuel pump runs, go to next step. If fuel pump does not run, go to step 7). 2. If fuel pump runs, turn ignition off. Verify fuel tank has fuel. Relieve fuel pressure. See FUEL SYSTEM PRESSURE RELIEF . Remove air cleaner, and plug air cleaner vacuum ports (if equipped). Disconnect fuel line between throttle body and fuel filter. Install Fuel Pressure Gauge (J-29658A) and Adapter (J- 2968A-85) between steel fuel line and flexible hose, ahead of in-line fuel filter. 3. Turn ignition on, and note reading on pressure gauge. If fuel pressure is 9-13 psi (.63-.91 kg/cm2 ), no problems exist. If pressure is less than 9 psi (.63 kg/cm2 ), go to step 5). If pressure is greater than 13 psi (.91 kg/cm2 ), turn ignition off, and bleed fuel pressure. Disconnect fuel return line downstream of pressure gauge. Insert return line into a gasoline container. 4. Turn ignition on. If pressure is now 9-13 psi (.63-.91 kg/cm2 ), correct restriction in fuel return line between disconnected point and fuel tank. If fuel pressure is greater than 13 psi (.91 kg/cm2 ), check for restricted return line (including fuel filter) downstream of pressure gauge. If no restrictions are present, replace fuel pressure regulator (TBI 700) or fuel meter cover/pressure regulator (TBI 220). 5. Check for restricted line between in-tank fuel pump and pressure regulator. If fuel line is okay, disconnect injector connector. Turn ignition on. Gradually pinch fuel pressure gauge outlet hose. Note pressure. CAUTION: DO NOT pinch off fuel return line completely. DO NOT allow fuel pressure build-up to exceed specification, as damage to fuel pressure regulator may occur. 6. If pressure is greater than 13 psi (.91 kg/cm2 ), replace fuel pressure regulator (TBI 700) or fuel meter cover/pressure regulator (TBI 220). If pressure is less than 9 psi (.63 kg/cm2 ), check for faulty fuel pump or incorrect part. Check fuel pump coupling hose and pump inlet filter in fuel tank. On models with dual fuel tanks, check for faulty fuel tank selector valve and meter switch.