northstar engine maintenance engine coolant pellets
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Filed Under (Saturn) by admin on 27-09-2010
SUBJECT: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Related Diagnostic Trouble Code(s) and/or the Following Conditions: Hard Start, Erratic Idle, Rough Running. Engine Overheating, Low and/or Leaking Coolant, and/or Service Engine Soon Lamp Illuminated. (Replace Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor with New Design Sensor- P/N 21025106) MODELS AFFECTED: 1991-2001 Saturn S-Series vehicles CONDITION: Customers may comment about various driveability and/or engine operating concerns including: hard start, erratic idle, rough running, engine overheating, low and/or leaking coolant, and/or Service Engine Soon lamp illuminated. CAUSE: This condition may be caused by a cracked engine coolant temperature sensor. CORRECTION: Replace engine coolant temperature sensor, inspect and if necessary replace sensor harness connector. Refer to procedure in this bulletin to replace engine coolant temperature sensor and Parts Requirements for specific parts information. PROCEDURE 1. Disconnect engine coolant temperature sensor electrical connector and inspect sensor and connector terminals for corrosion and/or evidence of engine coolant. ^ If terminals are corroded or if there is evidence of engine coolant proceed to step 4. ^ If terminals are not corroded and there is no evidence of engine coolant, reconnect the electrical connector and continue to next step.
Filed Under (Mazda) by admin on 16-06-2011
DESCRIPTION Some vehicles may experience a body vibration when driving approximately 55mph. This symptom is due to the characteristics of the No. 3 & No. 4 engine mounts. Modified No. 3 & No. 4 engine mounts have been established for service only. Customers having this concern should have their vehicle repaired using the following repair procedure. REPAIR PROCEDURE IMPORTANT NOTE: • This repair should only be performed if all tires and rims are confirmed to be in balance and all suspension components are in proper working condition. • Notify customers that use of the modified mounts will reduce vibration at cruising speed but may increase vibration at idle. NOTE: Because idle vibration may increase, it is highly recommended to continue using mass production mounts for all other service concerns. 1. Verify concern. 2. Replace the No. 3 & 4 engine mounts with service parts according to the appropriate Workshop Manual section 01-10 ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION. 3. Center the new engine mounts as outlined in ENGINE MOUNT CENTERING PROCEDURE. 4. Verify repair. ENGINE MOUNT CENTERING PROCEDURE No. 1, No. 3 and No. 4 Engine Mount Adjustment 1. Warm up the engine. 2. Raise and support vehicle on a hoist. 3. Remove engine under cover. 4. Lower the vehicle until the front tires lightly touch the ground. 5. Secure the engine and transaxle using an engine jack and attachment as instructed in No.3 Engine Mount And No.4 Engine Mount Rubber Installation Note in appropriate Workshop Manual, section 01-10 MECHANICAL. 6. Remove two bolts from No. 3 engine mount bracket. REMOVE THE BOLTS 7. Lift engine using jack until No.3 engine mount is lifted slightly from vehicle body. NOTE: • Do not raise engine too much or A/C pipe damage may occur. 8. Move the engine mount rubber or engine until installation hole on the vehicle body aligns with hole in the engine mount bracket. ENGINE MOUNT BRACKET 1532c SHOWN BEFORE ALIGNING THE HOLES SHOWN AFTER ALIGNING THE HOLES 9. Lower the jack and tighten bolts on No. 3 engine mount bracket. Tightening torque: 55.0-77.3 ft-lbf (74.5-04.9 N.m) NOTE: 10. With engine supported as described in STEP 5, remove four (4) nuts and two (2) bolts from No. 4 engine mount top plate. Remove top plate. NOTE: 11. Lift engine again using jack until No.4 engine mount is lifted slightly from vehicle body. NOTE: 12. With top plate of No. 4 engine mount removed, move engine mount bottom plate or engine until all four (4) installation studs on the vehicle align with the engine mount holes. • Do not allow the engine mount bracket to be misaligned. • To access the mount, remove battery box. • Do not raise engine too much or A/C pipe damage may occur. ALIGN THE 4 STUDS IN THE PLATE HOLES 13. Place top plate back on and tighten No. 4 engine mount bracket nuts and bolts to torque indicated. Tightening torque: A.32.5-45.0 ft-lbf (44.0-61.0 N.m) B.61.1-86.7 in-lbf (6.9-9.8 N.m) TIGHTEN BOLTS IN SEQUENCE SHOWN 1532e 14. Lift engine again using jack and loosen the two bolts on the No. 1 engine mount rubber until slightly loose on the No. 1 engine mount rubber.
Filed Under (Pontiac) by admin on 17-01-2011
Subject: Models: Low Engine Coolant Level Indicator Always On (Diagnose Low Coolant Level System Operation/Check Sensor for Oil Contamination) 2000-2002 Buick Century, Regal 2000-2001 Chevrolet Lumina 2000-2002 Chevrolet Impala, Monte Carlo 2000-2002 Pontiac Grand Prix 2000-2002 Oldsmobile Intrigue Condition Some customers may comment that the low engine coolant level indicator is always illuminated. Cause The cause of this condition may be due to engine oil contaminating the coolant. Possible sources of oil contamination are internal engine leaks, improper service procedures, or the addition of some types of anti-leak additives to the cooling system. Once in the coolant, the oil leaves deposits on the level sensor creating an insulating film. This film results in a false activation of the coolant level indicator. Correction Diagnose low coolant level system operation and check the sensor for oil contamination using the procedure listed below. Important: No coolant supplements should be used in GM cooling systems, other than what is approved and recommended by GM. The use of “aftermarket” over-the-counter sealing and cooling supplements may affect the operation of the low coolant level sensor. Discoloration of the coolant recovery bottle is normal and does not necessarily indicate that coolant contamination is present. Flush cooling system only when instructed by this bulletin. 1. Verify that the coolant is at proper level in the radiator and the coolant recovery bottle. If the coolant is low, add proper amount of 50/50 water and DEX-COOL® mixture. If the low coolant light operates properly, diagnose the cooling system for loss of coolant as outlined in SI. DO NOT proceed further with this bulletin. 2. Remove the low coolant level sensor. Refer to Coolant Level Module Replacement in the Engine Cooling sub-section. 3. With the key on, the engine off and the coolant level sensor disconnected from the vehicle wiring harness, observe the low coolant light: • Light is on — Chassis wiring or instrument cluster concern. Follow the appropriate diagnostic information in SI. • Light is out — Proceed to Step 4.
Filed Under (Ford) by admin on 27-02-2011
The cooling system components include the: block heater (optional) cylinder head temperature sensor fan blade, fan motor and fan shroud assembly radiator pressure relief cap degas bottle radiator draincock water pump oil cooler (optional) water thermostat The water thermostat: controls the engine coolant temperature. allows quicker engine warm-up. The degas bottle: provides a location for system fill. contains coolant expansion and system pressurization. provides air separation during operation. replenishes the engine coolant to the system. The fan blade draws air through the radiator to help cool the engine coolant. The fan motor: operates only when the engine is running. will not operate when the engine is off. The engine coolant flows: from the lower radiator hose to the water pump. from the water pump to the engine block and the cylinder heads. A closed water thermostat returns the engine coolant to the water pump. An open water thermostat allows the engine coolant to flow to the radiator. Unsatisfactory coolant materials: Alcohol-type antifreeze does not provide adequate water pump lubrication. has lower boiling point reduced antifreeze protection Alkaline brine solutions will cause serious engine cooling system damage. The cylinder head temperature sensor provides a signal to the temperature gauge. will invoke failsafe cooling. The optional block heater: electrical heating element is installed in the block cooling jacket. uses a standard 110V (220V in Europe) electrical supply keeps the engine coolant warm during cold weather. The auxiliary water pump (3.9L only): provides heater coolant flow boost. has a secondary function of providing engine-off cooling. Coolant Flow 3.9L
Filed Under (Toyota) by admin on 20-05-2011
Introduction IMPORTANT It is mandatory that the VVT-i gear actuator bolts, actuator center section alignment, and actuator body be inspected BEFORE performing this TSB. If no concerns are noted with these parts, this TSB does NOT apply. Some 2005 – 2009 model year vehicles with 2GR-FE engines may exhibit a ticking/clicking type noise from the cylinder head cover area which may be accompanied by a MIL “ON” and one or more VVT-i related Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs). Please use the following repair procedure to address customer concerns. Inspection Procedure 1. Start the engine and listen for any ticking/clicking type noises coming from the VVT-i gear area of the engine. NOTE This condition may or may not be accompanied by one or more of the following DTCs stored in the Engine Control Module (ECM) (SAE term: Powertrain Control Module/PCM): • P0014: Camshaft Position “B” – Timing Advanced or System Performance (Bank 1) • P0015: Camshaft Position “B” Timing Over Retarded (Bank 1) • P0017: Crankshaft Position Camshaft Position Correlation (Bank 1 Sensor B) • P0018: Crankshaft Position Camshaft Position Correlation (Bank 2 Sensor A) • P0024: Camshaft Position “B” – Timing Over-Advanced or System Performance (Bank 2) • P0025: Camshaft Position “B” – Timing Over-Retarded (Bank 2) 2. Remove the cylinder head cover and inspect the exhaust VVT-i gear assembly on the affected cylinder bank. NOTE If NO concerns are found with the VVT-i gear actuator bolts, the actuator center section alignment, or actuator body, this TSB does NOT apply. Refer to Repair Manual procedures for further diagnosis. Repair Procedure 1. If any concerns are noted with the exhaust VVT-i gear bolts or actuator follow the four steps below: A. Replace the camshaft housing sub-assembly, exhaust camshaft, and exhaust VVT-i gear assembly on the affected bank. B. Inspect the intake VVT-i gear assembly and bolts on the affected bank. Replace the intake VVT-i gear assembly if necessary. C. Inspect the opposite bank exhaust VVT-i gear actuator and bolts. If any concerns are noted replace the opposite bank camshaft housing sub-assembly, exhaust camshaft, and exhaust VVT-i gear assembly. D. Inspect the opposite bank intake gear actuator assembly and bolts. Replace the intake VVT-i gear assembly if necessary. For complete disassembly procedures refer to the Technical Information System (TIS), applicable model and model year Repair Manual: • 2005 Avalon: Engine/Hybrid System – Engine Mechanical – “Engine Mechanical: Camshaft (LH Bank) / (RH Bank) (2GR-FE): Replacement” • 2006 / 2007 / 2008 / 2009 Avalon: Engine/Hybrid System – Engine Mechanical – “2GR-FE Engine Mechanical: Engine Unit: Disassembly” • 2007 / 2008 / 2009 Camry: Engine/Hybrid System – Engine Mechanical – “2GR-FE Engine Mechanical: Engine Unit: Disassembly” • 2008 / 2009 Highlander: Engine/Hybrid System – Engine Mechanical – “2GR-FE Engine Mechanical: Engine Unit: Disassembly” • 2006 / 2007 / 2008 / 2009 RAV4: Engine/Hybrid System – Engine Mechanical – “2GR-FE Engine Mechanical: Engine Unit: Disassembly”