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Filed Under (Ford) by admin on 28-03-2011
Inspection and Verification 1. Verify the customer’s concern by operating the climate control system to duplicate the condition. 2. Inspect to determine if one of the following mechanical or electrical concerns apply: Visual Inspection Chart Loose, missing or damaged A/C compressor drive belt. Loose or disconnected A/C clutch. Loose, misrouted or damaged vacuum lines. Broken or leaking vacuum control motora Discharged A/C system. Broken or leaking refrigerant lines. a a A leak in the vacuum control circuit may occur during acceleration (slow leak), may exist at all times (large leak), and may exist only when specific functions are selected (indicating a leak in that portion of the circuit). The vacuum hoses used in the passenger compartment control circuit are constructed from PVC plastic material. The vacuum hoses used in the engine compartment are constructed of Hytrel®. Because of the materials used, never pinch the vacuum hoses off during diagnosis to locate a leak. A wood golf tee can be used as a plug when it is necessary to plug one end of the vacuum hose for leak test purposes. 3. If the inspection reveals obvious concern(s) that can be readily identified, service as required. 4. If equipped with the electronic automatic temperature control system, go to Step 6. 5. If equipped with a manual A/C system, determine the symptom and go to the Symptom Chart. 6. If the concern remains after the inspection, connect the Rotunda New Generation Star (NGS) Tester to the data link connector (DLC) located beneath the instrument panel to carry out the DATA LINK DIAGNOSTICS test. If the NGS responds with NO RESPONSE/NOT EQUIPPED for the electronic automatic temperature control module, GO to Pinpoint Test A. If the DATA LINK DIAGNOSTICS test is passed for the electronic automatic temperature control module, retrieve the continuous DTCs and execute the Self-Test Diagnostics for the electronic automatic temperature control module to retrieve the current DTCs. Mechanical Electrical Open fuses. Blower motor inoperative. A/C compressor inoperative. Circuitry open/shorted. Disconnected electrical connectors. 7. If the self-test is passed and no DTCs are retrieved, go to the Symptom Chart to continue diagnostics. 8. If DTCs are retrieved, go to the Electronic Automatic Temperature Control (EATC) Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index to continue diagnostics. 9. If the electronic automatic temperature control module cannot be accessed by the NGS, GO to Pinpoint Test A. Electronic Automatic Temperature Control Module Self-Test The EATC module self-test will not detect concerns associated with data link messages like engine coolant temperature or vehicle speed signals. A NGS tester must be used to retrieve these concerns. The EATC module self-test will detect concerns in the system control functions and will display hard diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) in addition to intermittent diagnostic trouble codes for concerns that occur during system operation. The vehicle interior temperature should be between 4-32° (40-90°F) when performing the self-test. If the temperatures are C not within the specified ranges, false in-car temperature sensor DTCs will be displayed. The self-test can be initiated at any time. Normal operation of the system stops when the self-test is activated. To enter the self-test, press the OFF and FLOOR buttons simultaneously and then press the AUTOMATIC button within two seconds. The display will show a pulse tracer going around the center of the display window. The test may run as long as 30 seconds. Record all DTCs displayed. If any DTCs appear during the self-test, follow the diagnostics procedure given under ACTION for each DTC given. If a condition exists but no DTCs appear during the self-test, refer to the Symptom Chart Condition: The EATC System Is Inoperative, Intermittent or Improper Operation. To exit self-test and retain all intermittent DTCs, push the blue (cooler temperature) button. The control will exit self-test, retain all intermittent DTCs and then turn OFF (display blank). To exit self-test and clear all DTCs, press the DEFROST button. The vacuum fluorescent display window will show 888 and all function symbols for one second. Then, the EATC control assembly will turn OFF (display blank) and all DTCs will be cleared. Always exit the self-test before powering the system down (system turned OFF). Intermittent DTCs will be deleted after 80 ignition switch ON cycles after the intermittent condition occurs.
Filed Under (Ford) by admin on 11-11-2010
HVAC Module Self-Test The HVAC module self-test will not detect concerns associated with data link messages like engine coolant temperature or vehicle speed signals. A scan tool must be used to retrieve these concerns. The HVAC module self-test will detect concerns in the system control functions and will display hard DTCs. Hard DTCs identify faults which are present during the self-test. The vehicle interior/ambient temperature should be between 4-32° (40-90°F) when carrying out the self-tes t. If the temperatures are not within the specified ranges, false temperature C sensor DTCs will be displayed. The self-test can be initiated at any time. Normal operation of the system stops when the self-test is activated. To enter the self-test, press the OFF and FLOOR buttons simultaneously and then press the AUTO button within 2 seconds. The display will show the fan speed indicator illuminating from low to high. The test may run as long as 30 seconds. Record all DTCs displayed. If any DTCs appear during the self-test, follow the diagnostics procedure given under ACTION for each DTC given. If a condition exists but no DTCs appear during the self-test, GO to Symptom Chart – Climate Control Systems. To exit the self-test and clear all DTCs, press the front DEFROST button. The HVAC control assembly will then turn OFF (display blank) and all DTCs will be cleared. Always exit the self-test before powering the system down (system turned OFF). If a condition exists, but no on-demand DTCs appear during the self-test, carry out the HVAC Module Retrieve Continuous DTCs self test. HVAC Module — Retrieve Continuous DTCs This function will display continuous (intermittent) codes and hard faults that occur during normal operation. To display continuous codes, press the OFF and FLOOR buttons simultaneously and then release and within 2 seconds press the RECIRC button. To exit the display of continuous codes, press the front DEFROST button. This will exit and clear all DTCs. Press any button except DEFROST to exit without clearing DTCs set before the last ignition cycle. Always exit continuous codes display before powering the system down (system turned off). Continuous DTCs are saved only after an ignition cycle. Continuous DTCs will be deleted after 80 ignition switch ON cycles after the intermittent condition occurs.
Filed Under (BMW) by admin on 11-06-2010
1. Use a scan tool to monitor the fuel trim numbers and the Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor data stream grams/sec readings. Nominal
values are 5 grams/sec at idle in Park, and >150 at Wide Open Throttle (WOT) and 5000 RPM, in gear. Some scan tools have a freeze frame feature, which is useful in trouble shooting if the problem is set at idle versus at cruise. Vacuum leaks and crankcase breather problems generally show up at idle. Voltage at the airflow meter should be .7-.9V at idle and increase from there with more airflow. 2. Monitor the crankcase vacuum with a vacuum gauge, which can be adapted onto the tube for the oil dipstick. Specification for the crank case vacuum is 8 to 15 millibar, this equals about 1/4 to 1/2 PSI or pounds per square. So, 1 PSI of vacuum would be twice as much as there should be at idle. The proper method, per BMW, is to use a slack tube manometer which can be made easily with clear tubing and making it into a U shape and have it marked in inch increments then half fill it with water. When crankcase vacuum is applied to one side of the tubing it should displace 4 to 6 inches of water if the crankcase breather is working correctly. 3. Monitor the fuel pressure. It should be a constant 50 – 53 PSI.
Filed Under (Dodge) by admin on 04-05-2011
Use this test in conjunction with the Fuel Pump Pressure Test and Fuel Pump Capacity Test. Check Valve Operation: The electric fuel pump outlet contains a one-way check valve to prevent fuel flow back into the tank and to maintain fuel supply line pressure (engine warm) when pump is not operational. It is also used to keep the fuel supply line full of gasoline when pump is not operational. After the vehicle has cooled down, fuel pressure may drop to 0 psi (cold fluid contracts), but liquid gasoline will remain in fuel supply line between the check valve and fuel injectors. Fuel pressure that has dropped to 0 psi on a cooled down vehicle (engine OFF) is a normal condition. When the electric fuel pump is activated, fuel pressure should immediately (1 – 2 seconds) rise to specification. Abnormally long periods of cranking to restart a hot engine that has been shut down for a short period of time may be caused by: Fuel pressure bleeding past a fuel injector(s). Fuel pressure bleeding past the check valve in the fuel pump module. 1. Disconnect the fuel inlet line at fuel rail. Refer to Fuel Tubes/Lines/Hoses and Clamps for procedures. On some engines, air cleaner housing removal may be necessary before fuel line disconnection. 2. Obtain correct Fuel Line Pressure Test Adapter Tool Hose. Tool number 6539 is used for 5/16″ fuel lines and tool number 6631 is used for 3/8″ fuel lines. Fig.7 Connecting Adapter Tool (Typical) 3. Connect correct Fuel Line Pressure Test Adapter Tool Hose between disconnected fuel line and fuel rail (Fig. 7). 4. Connect the 0 – 414 kPa (0 – 60 psi) fuel pressure test gauge (from Gauge Set 5069) to the test port on the appropriate Adaptor Tool. The DRB III Scan Tool along with the PEP module, the 500 psi pressure transducer, and the transducer-to-test port adapter may also be used in place of the fuel pressure gauge. The fittings on both tools must be in good condition and free from any small leaks before performing the proceeding test. 5. Start engine and bring to normal operating temperature. 6. Observe test gauge. Normal operating pressure should be 339 kpa ±34 kPa (49.2 psi ±5 psi) . 7. Shut engine OFF. 8. Pressure should not fall below 30 psi for five minutes . 9. If pressure falls below 30 psi , it must be determined if a fuel injector, the check valve within the fuel pump module, or a fuel tube/line is leaking. 10. Again, start engine and bring to normal operating temperature. 11. Shut engine OFF. 12. Testing for fuel injector or fuel rail leakage: Clamp OFF the rubber hose portion of Adaptor Tool between the fuel rail and the test port “T” on Adapter Tool. If pressure now holds at or above 30 psi , a fuel injector or the fuel rail is leaking.
Filed Under (Chevrolet) by admin on 29-05-2010
1. Place transmission in Park, turn ignition off and wait at least 6 seconds. Turn ignition on, engine off and observe 3 shift select buttons. If all 3 buttons blink once, go to next step. If all 3 buttons do not blink once, go to step 1 under TEST RESULTS . 2. During step 1) , if one button remains lit to indicate transfer case shift position, go to next step. If one button did not remain lit, go to step 3 under TEST RESULTS . 3. Shift transfer case to 4HI, to 2HI, then back to 4HI. If transfer case mode shifts between 4HI and 2HI, go to next step. If transfer case mode does not shift between 4HI and 2HI, go to step 5 under TEST RESULTS . 4. Apply parking brake. Place transmission in Park (A/T) or 1st gear (M/T). Turn ignition on, engine off. Place transfer case in 4HI position. Press 4LO shift select button. If 4LO shift select button blinks for 30 seconds then stops when 4HI button illuminates, go to next step. If operation is not as specified, go to step 7 under TEST RESULTS .